Sunday, January 12, 2020

New York’s Midtown North

New York's Midtown North is made up of several precincts, with one unique in the city: the CPP, or Central Park Precinct. The precinct is home to 42 species of birds year round, with up to 300 species sighted there at various seasons, and there are also squirrels, birds, fish, rabbits, turtles, frogs and other animals. There are not, however, any human residents. There is an enormous amount of human activity occupying the 840 acres of land and 150 acres of water. In addition to 58 miles of pedestrian paths, 6 miles of vehicle drives and almost 5 miles of bridle paths, there are also world-class attractions, including: 1. Tavern on the Green Restaurant 5. Loeb Boathouse (miniature sailboat club) 11. Bethesda Terrace and Fountain 14. The Metropolitan Museum of Art (NYPD Web site) The park itself was designed in 1858 by Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux, two giants of architecture of the period. The nation's first designated public park, Central Park is laid out so that, even when the park is full of people and events, there are hidden, quiet places as well as open fields. Although between 16 and 20 million people visit the park each year, it is possible to feel completely alone with nature among the park's 26,000 trees. (One can also play tennis on 30 courts, or ball on 26 ball fields or swim in a pool at the northern end, or ride a merry-go-round not far from the Central Park Zoo.) (NYPD Web site) In addition, the â€Å"Delacorte Theatre has ‘Shakespeare in the Park' from mid June through the end of August each year. The Central Park Summerstage, located at Rumsey Playground – E. 72 St. and the East Drive, has free performances from June through the beginning of August on Saturdays and Sundays at 3 pm. The New York Grand Opera has free performances at various times throughout the summer†(NYPD Web site). It seems that of all the precincts in New York City, the CPP is uniquely appropriate for Problem-Oriented Policing. In addition, because of New York's position as a ‘world city' and after 9/11, the NYPD has also benefited from learning how to ‘surge,' a tactic that can be invaluable in a precinct where incidents are likely to happen at odd times at specific locations. Surging has lately been perfected for putative terrorist activities â€Å"At least three times a day, New York's intelligence division sends 100 officers to swarm a specific location that their information suggests could be a target. It's called a surge† (Montaigne, 2005). When a surge happens, officers spend the five or six hours after it fanning out into the neighborhood, shops and subway, asking questions and looking for anything suspicious. In 2004 and so far in 2005, there have been no murders in Central Park, and only one rape in 2005. Robbery, however, has increased, with none 6 in 2005 to date, and 4 in 2004. Felonious assault is down ho3wever, from 4 in 2004 to 2 in 2005 to date. There was one burglary in 2004, none in 2005 to date. Grand Larceny is also may be down for the year. In 2004 there were 11, with 7 in 2005 to date. Citywide, the murder rate is down, from 184 in 2004 to 161 in 2005 to date, for a 12.5 percent decrease at current rates. Rape is also down, from 627 in 2004 to 585 in 2005 today, a 6.7 percent rate of change. Robbery was up, however, from 7,638 for all of 2004 to 7,690 to date in 2005. Felonious assaults were down from 5,842 in 2004 to 5,430 t date in 2005, for a decrease of 7 percent. Burglaries were also down, from 9.981 in 2004 to 7,767 in 2005 to date, a 13.5 percent decrease. Grand larceny citywide was also down, although by only 1.8 percent, from 15,258 in 2004 to 14,976 in 2005 to date (NYPD Compstat). These statistics are surprising, in view of the difficulties inherent in patrolling Central Park. In 1965, poet Robert Lowell published a poem called â€Å"Central Park† that seemed to expose precisely what was happening then. each landscaped crag, each flowering hides a policeman with a club† (Quoted by Vitullo-Martin, 2003). Vitullo-Martin noted that â€Å"design elements that helped make the park a refuge from the city-secluded woodlands, hidden coves, paths that curve and dip from sight, Lowell's flowering shrubs-also made the park hard to protect or patrol. Central Park's fame and beauty made it a prized site for concerts, protests, marches, rallies and celebrations. But the huge crowds also attracted crime† (2003). Arguably, the factor that made the difference between then and now can be attributed to the characteristics of Problem-Oriented Policing. Compstat is an integral part of that strategy, showing police captains at a glance where the trouble spots are, both geographically and in terms of types of crime. According to Moore (2005), Problem-oriented policing (POP) â€Å"is a police management philosophy that entails SARA: scanning to identify, specify, and describe specific problems to include analysis in which the causes of the identified problems are explored fully and response that refers to the search for ‘tailor made' solutions to remove the specific or general causes of the problems through implementation of concepts supported by assessment concerning the process where the solutions implemented are evaluated in terms of effectiveness and strategies.† Although Moore's definition sounds overly analytical, in fact, POP depends for success on all the ‘buzzword' tactics of modern business: values, ethics, communication, vision and empowerment. Glassoock, writing in the FBI Journal in 2001, noted that although POP initiatives have had an excellent affect on external, end-product issues-that is, reduction of crime-â€Å"it seems prudent and appropriate to also apply the concept to internal problems.† Glassoock contends that the likelihood of success with the end product is â€Å"much influenced, if not driven, by the organization's internal constitution† (2001). A department must, he says, attend to internal issues with thoughtful deliberation. In addition, he recommends that so-called â€Å"outsiders† such as citizens and business leaders be invited to contribute to initiatives, and goes so far as to say that â€Å"To the extent that a police department remains open to the inclusion of these individuals, the likelihood of successful internal problem-solving increases† (2001). As noted, successful internal operations-including communication and empowerment, especially-are essential to producing the end-product, lower crime rates. New York City and especially the CCP, are heavily involved in just such efforts. Chief among its programs are an Auxiliary Police Unit consisting of men and women from 17 to 60 years of age. They patrol the park in uniform acting as the eyes and ears of the police. There are 42 members, whose work is supplemented by the work of 42 Parkwatchers, â€Å"concerned citizens who keep a watchful eye on the park. When criminal activity is observed they report it to the police† (NYPD Web site). It is obvious that CCP, perhaps more than other city precincts, interacts frequently and effectively with non-officer personnel who are trusted with important work. Another such outfit is the Roadrunners Safety Patrol. These helpers patrol in pairs and carry interwatch radios; there are 72 of them. An additional 70 New York Skaters Association members are also enlisted to provide information to the precinct (NYPD Web site). Perhaps the most famous of the groups assisting the CCP is the Guardian Angel Patrol. There are 61 Guardian Angels trained and enlisted. An essential part of the POP program is the Park Enforcement Patrol, or PEP. Established by the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation, it is a unformed patrol with the mission of providing safer parks, encouraging the public in the proper use of parks and discouraging the misuse and destruction of park property. â€Å"During the busy weekend and summer periods, and during all special events such as concerts and races, PEP officers patrol the park to help people enjoy the event and to keep order. If park users become ill or are injured, the PEP officer will provide first aid and request an ambulance and police. People in trouble and in need of assistance look for PEP officers. These specially trained officers also assist the N.Y.P.D. by enforcing quality of life violations in the park† (NYPD Web site). Working with them is the only volunteer ambulance service in Central Park, the Central Park Medical Unit, which responds to accidents â€Å"involving park users, bicyclists, rollerbladers, joggers, etc.. The Central Park Medical Unit assists the N.Y.C.E.M.S.† (NYPD Web site). The POP success doesn't depend entirely on uniformed and/or trained volunteers, however. The CCP's Robbery Reduction Unit consists of one Sergeant and five Police Officers who are deployed at â€Å"robbery prone locations† (NYPD Web site). Non-police work also becomes part of the mission in a POP-driven unit such as CCP. For instance, in concert the Central Park Precinct Youth Officers and Community Police Unit conduct truancy sweeps (NYPD Web site). While trying to keep kids in school, the precinct also tries to keep bicycles in the hands of their rightful owners. CCP runs a bicycle registration program in an effort to deter thefts (NYPD Web site). A unique N-Force is a unit consisting of one sergeant and three police officers that focuses on quality of life conditions; they are deployed at â€Å"areas that the precinct commander designates as priority locations† (NYPD Web site). In its dialog with the community, CCP also has a Community Council that meets with police officials to seek ways to solve local problems; the CCP council has 146 active members. Finally, CCP participates in a Thanksgiving Food Drive and a Winter Coat Drive, as well as Toys for Tots to help children in disadvantaged families (NYPD Web site). The first item on the NYPD mission statement is â€Å"To protect life and property, reduce crime, improve the quality of life while dealing with the citizens of this city with courtesy, professionalism, and respect† (NYPD Web site). It is apparent both from the crime statistics in this ‘global playground' and the number, range and type of community and quasi-police organizations that communications, values, vision and empowerment are working in this highly unusual precinct, in which there are no residents, but only visitors of every possible type and intent. Glassoock notes that since the 1980s, â€Å"law enforcement agencies have applied the concept of problem-oriented policing to many community problems, such as alcohol-related crimes, burglaries, graffiti, sex offenses, and trespassing† all of which a precinct that was completely park and special-use structures would be prone to have. Glassoock notes that â€Å"Because POP emphasizes solving a problem as the dominant decision-making mode, officers attaining management positions must rethink their decision-making styles learned earlier in their careers. They must consider that the appropriateness of different decision-making styles varies depending upon whether officers are responding to calls or solving problems† (2001). It is apparent that CCP has been successful.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Veling Super Mall - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 916 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? 1.1. Executive Summary Veling Institute of Management London is a reputed and popular management institute, which offers courses in retailing management. The school also owns retail outlets that give the students hands on experience to the students. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Veling Super Mall" essay for you Create order Having seen the acceptance, it decided to open retail malls in Senegal which is basically a third world country. It is its second venture. The first has been in India. Having group of highly qualified professionals in retailing, it will be easier of us to venture into real retail business in Senegal and slowly in the African region. Motivated by increased industrial growth, high preference for touch and feel shopping experience, existence of consumer pull market and growth of middle and high income group households, our institution is decided to implement this proposal by being active participator in retail business. The second objective was to promote the employment generation in the area by training the local candidates who are eligible to enroll into the course. Key to success of our institution are : we have 20 years recorded, academic experience in retail area, so we can easily implement practically such knowledge. Our old students are big players in retail market, so we can associate them to our visualized business plan in actual practice. We maintained industry institution interaction since inception, so we have actual idea of what is going on in this sector. 1.2. Ownership pattern and owners profile Veling is privately owned education institution, jointly owned by Sri Thomas Sri Alies Cherian which offers Diploma Post Graduate, Diploma and Master Degree in Business management. We decided to diversify not just into geographies but also into unrelated area, that is having mall in at least 10 important cities in India initially. 1.3. Product Description We offer ideal shopping experience with an amalgamation of product, service and entertainment all under common roof. We have : Home appliance Fresh Groceries Apparels Cosmetics Music chain Books Electronic Devices Fast food outlet Juice Centre Special Nutritious centre Health care products Baby care products We have multi brand products of above categories. We provide an opportunity to choose from medium to high priced Worth for quality items 1.4. Competitive Comparison We have many competitors, of which significant are, Hypercity, prime mall and inorbit. Hypercity is a hyper market even though it offers wide variety products. Customers are feeling so restricted because of its narrowed interior structure. Inorbit is a big mall which has already established good image but as for as its source of supply it is facing some problems. Prime mall is currently meeting the needs of upper class market. So we decided to fill the gap by having good economic source of supply, offering medium to high priced multi brands under same product line category and by making customer to feel that they are in such place which definitely provide lot of space to invest their hard earned money economically and productivity. 1.5. Technology We decided to emphasize on automating the process, using bar codes to identify the product, scanners, and computerized billing. This will speed up the billing process, reduce the human intervention and errors, the retail shop people can focus on customers for personal attention etc. This will help to differentiate ourselves from not successful retailer and even to get cost advantage. 1.6. Market Analysis By being aware of the fact that retailing is the largest private sector industry in the world economy with global industry size exceeding $6.6 trillion, we explored the potential for starting mall in Senegal and other parts of African region. The market research indicates that there will be investment for Hypercity Retail by K. Raheja Group to establish SS Super market by 2015. Reliance of India is another giant which is Indias largest contemporary retailer and the size of organized retailing its expected to touch $30 billion by 2010 which is also planning to take initiatives. We expect growth of 22% per annum initially, which definitely rise in the years to come. We decided to utilize growth in the consumer preference for shopping in congenial Environs. 1.7. Financial Plan We need $ 500,000,000 initially to start 10 malls in 10 important locations of Ghana and other places. 1.7.1 Sources of requirements will be: Owners fund - 70% Borrowed Fund - 30% (Secured Bank loan @15%) 1.7.2 Application of Fund will be : Fixed assets 30% Initial investment to get Building on lease basis 30% Working capital requirement 40% 1.7.3 We need minimum 50,000, maximum 1,00,000 square feet area building having 4 floors. The plan for utilization of building will be; Ground Floor Parking and Store First Floor Grocery, home appliances Electronic items, Fast food outlet Second Floor Apparel Third Floor Cosmetic, music chain and book Store and office maintenance Instead of having building of our own, we decided to get it on lease basis as it is cost effective way of financing our fixed asset requirement. We have already booked building under construction from building developers. 1.7.4 First years expected cash inflow will be; Sales $400,000,000 (-) cost of goods sold $120,000,000 Gross profit $280,000,000 (-) operating expenses $110,000,000 (-) depreciation on fixed Asset @ 10% $ 15,000,000 Operating profit $165,000,000 (-) Financial charge $ 22,500,000 $ 147,500,000 (-) Tax 40% $ 59,000,000 Earning after tax $ 88,500,000 (+) Depreciation $ 15,000,000 $103,500,000 Cash inflow $ 24,500,000 Operating expenses would include salary, maintenance cost, electricity, water, logistics, uniform, incentives etc Computers and other IT tools are considered for depreciation. 1.8. Summary The cash flow statement indicates that the plan is viable and is a profit making business. This will certainly change the customer behavior in terms of purchasing process, acceptance of branded products etc. The mall will might initially encourage window shopping and later attract more customers.

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Argumentative Essay About Censorship - 1978 Words

The idea of censorship can be found all over in the world’s history. Around 400 BC, Socrates, a famous rhetor, received a death sentence. There was no crime committed. The only thing Socrates did was try to educate people. He simply offended the wrong person morally and politically by his teachings. His sentence was to drink poison. Censorship is used in many places all over the world in places such as Rome, China, and Greece (Newth). Censorship is the act of supervising, blocking, and deleting material that can be considered harmful (Merriam-Webster). It leads people to see the act as a violation of the First Amendment as well as a negative word. In today’s society, censorship is used in schools, public libraries, and many other places.†¦show more content†¦Without the Coppa Law, many researchers believe that students will be less likely to lie about their age on social media because there would be no need. If the children looking for social media accounts wer e not barred by such restricts as parental consent, then they would be treated with a child friendly profile setting where only family and friends would be able to see the child’s profile. The issue with lying about something as significant as age online is that it can be dangerous to one or both parties. All too often does the media release a story wherein a minor lies about age online and are pursued by unsuspecting adults. The age restriction is set for a reason. Children should not be active on such social media pages. It can be harmful to the mental state of children and therefore receive the wrong impression of society. Many children are victim to online bullying or pursed in sexual conversations, brought in by adults, via social media. This has happened many times all over the world and it needs to be stopped. Unfortunately, there are limited ways censorship can help this issue. It can, however, block the user and delete the account after they have done this disappoint ing act. Administrators and parents should be checking profiles to ensure the safety and integrity of the children and the other users. There are an estimated five million children under the age of thirteen on Facebook with a false date of birthShow MoreRelatedArgumentative Essay : First Amendment Junkie By Susan Jacoby1042 Words   |  5 PagesAmber Rogers Dr. Kim Loel Argumentative Analysis of the Essay â€Å"First Amendment Junkie† by Susan Jacoby What is a First Amendment Junkie? According to author Susan Jacoby, censorship of any form is wrong. From the beginning of Jacoby’s essay, â€Å"First Amendment Junkie,† it’s obvious where she stands on the topic. Jacoby states that the people who most support the censorship of pornography are women. These women are often self-proclaimed feminists who ironically support the First Amendment. WhileRead MoreMedia Censorship1427 Words   |  6 PagesApril 30, 2011 Media Censorship in the United States Censorship has existed for longer than we could ever imagine. One of the first acts of state sponsored censorship occurred in 399 B.C. when Socrates, was executed for the â€Å"supposed common good of the people† (Guarding Public Morality, 2010, p.1). Socrates was a teacher and a philosopher in ancient Greece. His teaching methods were controversial for the time, and he was charged with corrupting the youth and drawing them away from the GreekRead MoreArgumentative Essay : What The Media Isn t Telling Us1118 Words   |  5 PagesEmily Brown Ms. Taylor 28 October 2017 Argumentative Essay To See or Not to See: What the Media Isn t Telling Us In the case of most foreign affairs, we only know what the media tells us. Most of the general American public will never witness first-hand the wars we fight abroad or the consequences of those wars. Instead, they must rely on a select few primary reporters, most of whom are employed by mainstream media providers, to inform them of the happenings all around the world. However, sinceRead MoreContemporary Moral Issue Essay2709 Words   |  11 Pages philosophical essays, and book excerpts, all of which will be posted on Blackboard ( Goals of the Course: By taking Contemporary Moral Issues, students will: learn how to read difficult philosophical texts and gain an understanding and appreciation of important arguments in the field; learn how to express their thoughts in writing clearly and concisely (students will have the opportunity to attain this goal through response papers, quizzes and essays); learn how toRead MoreWork: Scientific Method and Exploratory Research1888 Words   |  8 PagesAnalytical research is a type of research that utilises critical thinking to find out facts about a given topic and from the answers obtained develop new and useful ways of doing things. Critical thinking is a method of thinking that puts assumptions into question to decide whether a given claim is true or false. When writing an analytical research paper, you must perform a variety of tasks beforehand. The first step is to formulate a thesis and then gather your sources that will be used. The sourcesRead MoreAdvancing the Individuals Knowledge of the Holocaust Essay2289 Words   |  10 Pageshumanity’s understanding of the holocaust. The holocaust can be explained as the historical event in which the Nazi’s, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, and its collaborators murdered and persecuted approximately six million Jews. This came about because of the German belief that they were â€Å"racially superior† and the Jews were an alien threat to the German state. 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Ambahan (Mangyan) – 7-syllable per line poem that are about human relationships and social entertainment c. Kalusan (Ivatan) - work songs that depict the livelihood of the people d. Tagay (Cebuano and Waray) – drinking song e. Kanogan (Cebuano) – song of lamentation for the dead Read MoreArgumentative Essays 12170 Words   |  9 PagesArgumentative Essay Topics and Points Outline 1. All secondary and tertiary level students should be offered courses on good money management as part of their formal education. What are your thoughts on this suggestion? You should write at least 350 words. Good Money Management ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § ï‚ § important life skill learn value of money learn importance of budgeting learn importance of investing learn importance of reducing/avoiding debts how to save money, why and how how to earn extra money be lessRead MoreFor Against by L.G. Alexander31987 Words   |  128 Pages By the same author SIXTY STEPS TO PRECIS POETRY AND PROSE APPRECIATION ESSAY AND LEITER ·WRITING A FIRST BOOK IN COMPREHENSION PRECIS AND COMPOSITION ras CARTERS OF GREENWOOD (Cineloops) DETECTIVES FROM SCOTLAND YARD (Longman Structural Readers, Stage 1) CAR THIEVES [Longman Structural Readers, Stage 1) WORTH A FORTUNE [Longman Structural Readers, Stage 2) APRIL FOOLS DAY [Longman Structural Readers, Stage 2) PROFESSOR BOFFIN S UMBRELLA (Longman Structural Readers, Stage 2) OPERATION MASfERMIND

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Summary Of Soledad Brother By George Jackson - 1431 Words

Hope is a Necessity In a world that is so unpredictable, sometimes there is nothing else that a person can do to make a situation better besides hoping for a good outcome. Hope can have a big impact on the way people view the world, and can potentially save lives. Hope is communicated in many ways, including a variety of art forms, such as literature. Some examples of literature that show how powerful having hope can be are the novel Soledad Brother by George Jackson, the short story Salvation by Langston Hughes, the short story Superheroes, Just for Each Other by Peter S. Goodman and the article Man Needs Hope to Live, by Christopher Kaczor. These literary works show that even the smallest bit of hope can help a person make wiser decisions regarding his or her future, but having no hope for the future leads people to make choices that are ethically wrong. Soledad Brother by George Jackson is a piece of literature that shows that hope can sway a person’s decision about the actions that he or she takes. The novel is written in the stream of consciousness writing style. All the letters that Jackson writes show that he has hatred towards the system in which he is living in. Jackson was sentenced to one year to life in jail. Even though Jackson has some repulsive thoughts about the police officers and their ideas, he does nothing to express his opinion about the police officers, such as starting an argument or fight with the police officers, because he has hope that ifShow MoreRelatedAfrican American Civil Rights Activists: Angela Davis1912 Words   |  8 Pagesexperience in Birmingham, Angela decided to become a activist for civil rights and other social issues. When Davis graduated in 1963 from the University of California San Diego she joined the Black Panthers, to advocate Black equality in the world. III. Summary of Evidence One of the many important dates that relate to Angela Davis in 1969 was when Angela was hired by the Philosophy Department of Ucla as an assistant professor, until she was fired illegally by the regents, due to her association with the

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Conceptual and Methodological Foundations †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Conceptual and Methodological Foundations. Answer: Introduction Retail market of consumer goods or items is one of the most promising and leading business sector in the present business scenario. More and more organizations are entering in this sector due to the high volume of sales and revenue involved with this sector (Baker 2014). In Australia, retail market of consumer products is one of the most intensely competitive markets with having several established competitors operating. Thus, the market scenario in the Australian region for the consumer goods is quite competitive and price sensitive sector. Organizations operating in this sector are coming up with newer strategies and business approaches in order to stay ahead in the competition. Harvey Norman is one of the leading retail chain based in Australia. They offers diversified product portfolio for their customers (Harvey Norman Holdings 2017). However, due to the recent entrant of various new competitors in the market, they are facing the heat of reduction in their sales revenue. This report will discuss about the effective business plan for Harvey Morgan which will help them to gain competitive advantage in the market. Moreover, the various aspects of them in their business operations will also be identified. Accordingly, the recommendations will be given to implement an effective business plan for them. Harvey Norman is an Australian Based retail firm founded in 1982 by Gerry Harvey and Ian Norman. They mainly cater to furniture, bedding, electrical items and computing accessories (Harvey Norman Holdings 2017). They operate in Australia and in the international market through franchisee business model. Currently they are listed in the Australian securities exchange limited and are operating as a public company. Harvey Norman is having other sub brand such as Domayne and Joyce Mayne to cater to different product category and customer segments. Currently they are operating in more than 166 stores around the world. The product portfolio of Harvey Norman includes electronic products such as television and gaming devices, mobile phones cameras. They also offer home appliances such as air conditioners and washing machines. Home dcor products including furniture is also being offered by them. To stay ahead in the competition and to cope up with the change in the taste and preference of the customers, they came up with their own online portal of online marketing and shopping. It is helping them in targeting more number of customers effectively (Luo, Ba and Zhang 2012). The mission statement of Harvey Norman states that they want to deliver their products to their customer at the most cost effective prices. They want to the market leader in the market by having the competitive advantage of cost effectiveness. The vision statement of Harvey Norman states that they want to be a truly global retail organization offering wide range of products to their customers and maintaining the market leadership position. Organizational Management of Harvey Norman Harvey Norman maintains a distinctive organizational structure compared to other contemporary retail organizations. All the stores of them are being operated on the basis of franchise system. However, the product category they are offering is being managed by the separate management (Mahmoudsalehi, Moradkhannejad and Safari 2012). Thus, if a store is offering five categories of products of Harvey Norman, then the five product category will be controlled by separate management responsible for the respective product category. Thus, the management and the sales of the particular product category are being controlled effectively. The stores outside the Australian regions are being owned and controlled by them. The international business is not being operated in the basis of the franchisee system. For the effective human resource management in their organization, employees are being motivated with the initiation of the reward system (Hendry 2012). According to this model, sales persons and other employees are being provided sales commission which further helps them in driving and enhancing the sales chart of the organization. Moreover, effective working environment in the organization is also being maintained. Being a publicly traded organization and being listed in the Australian stock exchange, Harvey Norman maintains an effective and accurate financial structure to comply with the global accounting principles and with the financial regulations (Badolato, Donelson and Ege 2014). They maintain a separate audit board that is responsible for managing the financial aspect of the organization. The audit board is being selected by the board of directors. The key objective of this board is to look after the financial reporting and policies being followed by the organization. Harvey Norman also maintains a separate finance department which is responsible for the allocation of resources for various activities in the organization. As of 2016, the earnings before interest and tax are estimated at $522 million and the profit after tax and interest stands at $248 million. Marketing analysis of Harvey Norman The customer segment of Harvey Norman is the people looking for electronic items and household items under one roof. They cater to diversified segment of customers due to the reason that economical classification of the customers for electronic appliances is not viable. Different brand are being offered by them to their customers in this sectors. Thus, customers depending on their purchasing power will buy the particular brand. Harvey Norman caters to the customers looking for household products by offering bedding and home decors. Thus, the customer segment of Harvey Norman is diversified in nature due to the offerings of different product category (Wedel and Kamakura 2012). Moreover, the product category of them is much diverse due to the reason that household products and electronic appliances are not in the similar product category. As discussed earlier, they cater to a vast and diverse customer segments. In addition, the customer segment for Harvey Norman is not niche rather than they are catering to the mass market. Thus, extensive use of electronic media and social media is being implemented by them in order to attract and reach out to more number of customers. Segmentation, targeting and positioning (STP) model will be the most effective strategy to effectively target the customer segment (Gbadamosi 2013). According to this model, the first step for the organization is to identify the customer segments where they will operate. Thus, the customer segment for Harvey Norman is the mass market having the purchasing power and demand for electronic items. The demographic segments for them are diverse in nature due to the reason that majority of the computing goods will attract the young generation and majority of the household goods will attract the female customers. On the other hand, the customer segment for the electronic appliances will have both the male and female customers. The next step in this model is targeting the customer segment. Harvey Norman initiates various marketing activities such as promoting their products in the mass media channels which will attract their target customer segments (Prager, Rosenberg and Farber 2013). In addition, the seasonal discount offers are also been provide to the customers, which will attract more to their stores. Harvey Norman is much effective in determining the current market trend and offers their product accordingly. The product portfolio is being updated periodically to cater to the change in the taste and preference pattern of the customers. The marketing and promotional activities are being designed according to the requirement and expectation of the mass market customers. The last aspect of the STP model is the positioning strategy of the organization. Being a mass market retailer, Harvey Norman positioned itself as retail chain offering consumer goods at the lowest price possible. Thus, the brand image of them among the customers is the cost effective retail store offering wide array of products (Hassan and Craft 2012). This will help them in further market penetration in the existing market and development of new market in the global scenario. Competitive advantage of Harvey Norman The key competitive advantage for Harvey Norman is their price leadership strategy in the market. More customers are being attracted due to their low offering of price (Wagner III and Hollenbeck 2014). Another competitive advantage for them is their offerings of diversified product portfolio. This helps them in targeting vast segments of customers. Majority of their competitors are operating in a single product line or in similar product line. However, Harvey Norman is operating in diversified portfolio of product line ranging from household products to electronic items. The initiation of Omni channel marketing is also enhancing their market performance (Frazer and Stienhler 2014). Online presence is enabling them to reach out to more number of customers effectively. In addition, the customer awareness drive and the global brand identity is further is getting enhanced due to their presence in the online market. Harvey Norman maintains effective marketing and sales strategy in order to reach out to more number of customers and increase the market share. The sales for Harvey Norman are being initiated through their franchisee stores in the Australian regions and owned stores in rest part of the world (Dada, Watson and Kirby 2012). Marketing activities of them involves all types of marketing media to reach out to varied customer segments. They also maintain customization option for their marketing and promotional activities. This helps them in effective catering to the customers in other parts of the world. Customers around the world are being targeted according to their taste and preference pattern and according to their cultural and social backgrounds. This helps the customers in making effective connection with the brand. In the recent years, the sales of Harvey Norman are being promoted through their online channel. It helps them to target the global customers with their entire range of pr oduct portfolio. Financial plan Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Starting Cash Position Inflow (Source of Fund) $ 50,000.00 $ 75,000.00 $ 80,000.00 $ 85,000.00 $ 90,000.00 Cash Sales $ 10,000.00 $ 15,000.00 $ 20,000.00 $ 30,000.00 $ 40,000.00 Collection from Accounts Receivable $ 10,000.00 $ 20,000.00 $ 30,000.00 $ 40,000.00 $ 50,000.00 Other Cash Receipts $ 20,000.00 $ 22,000.00 $ 25,000.00 $ 30,000.00 $ 35,000.00 Total Cash Inflow $ 90,000.00 $ 132,000.00 $ 155,000.00 $ 185,000.00 $ 215,000.00 Outflow (Use of Fund) Fixed Cost $ 60,000.00 $ 60,000.00 $ 60,000.00 $ 60,000.00 $ 60,000.00 Administration $ 5,000.00 $ 5,500.00 $ 6,000.00 $ 6,500.00 $ 7,000.00 Marketing $ 20,000.00 $ 20,000.00 $ 20,000.00 $ 30,000.00 $ 30,000.00 Operations $ 10,000.00 $ 10,000.00 $ 10,000.00 $ 8,000.00 $ 8,000.00 Variable Cost Administration $ 35,000.00 $ 35,000.00 $ 35,000.00 $ 35,000.00 $ 35,000.00 Marketing $ 20,000.00 $ 20,000.00 $ 25,000.00 $ 25,000.00 $ 30,000.00 Operations $ 40,000.00 $ 55,000.00 $ 60,000.00 $ 75,000.00 $ 80,000.00 Total Cash Outflow $ 190,000.00 $ 205,500.00 $ 216,000.00 $ 239,500.00 $ 250,000.00 Closing Cash Position $ (100,000.00) $ (73,500.00) $ (61,000.00) $ (54,500.00) $ (35,000.00) Analysis: From the above financial plan, it can be said that the first year of Harvey Norman is more in the five year plan. It is due to the reason that the initial investment always stay on the higher side. This financial plan is also showing that the closing cash flow is decreasing gradually in the following years. Recommendations Initiation of social media marketing will help to connect with the customers more effectively. It will further help the organization in having the feedback from the customers. Effective implementation of the five year financial plan will help to allocate the resources more effectively. Opening of more company owned stores in the global market will further help to fortify their position over their competitors. Initiation of product for the niche market will help to target the higher end customers also. It will help them to target the niche market along with the existing mass market. Thus, the market area will get increased. Conclusion Having discussed the marketing and organizational structure of Harvey Norman, it can be concluded that they are having distinctive and effective approaches. These approaches are helping them in targeting their customer segments more effectively. Moreover, the diverse product portfolio is helping them to target varied customer requirements. However, one of the gaps being identified is the absence of social media marketing which is quite important in current scenario. Thus, several recommendations are being provided in order to fulfill these gaps and enhance their performance in the future. Reference Badolato, P.G., Donelson, D.C. and Ege, M., 2014. Audit committee financial expertise and earnings management: The role of status.Journal of Accounting and Economics,58(2), pp.208-230. Baker, M.J., 2014.Marketing strategy and management. Palgrave Macmillan. Dada, O., Watson, A. and Kirby, D.A., 2012. Toward a model of franchisee entrepreneurship.International Small Business Journal,30(5), pp.559-583. Frazer, M. and Stiehler, B.E., 2014, January. Omnichannel retailing: The merging of the online and off-line environment. InGlobal Conference on Business Finance Proceedings(Vol. 9, No. 1, p. 655). Institute for Business Finance Research. Gbadamosi, A., 2013.Principles of marketing: A value-based approach. Palgrave Macmillan. Harvey Norman Holdings. (2017).Company Overview. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Aug. 2017]. Hassan, S.S. and Craft, S., 2012. Examining world market segmentation and brand positioning strategies.Journal of Consumer marketing,29(5), pp.344-356. Hendry, C., 2012.Human resource management. Routledge. Luo, J., Ba, S. and Zhang, H., 2012. The effectiveness of online shopping characteristics and well-designed websites on satisfaction. Mahmoudsalehi, M., Moradkhannejad, R. and Safari, K., 2012. How knowledge management is affected by organizational structure.The Learning Organization,19(6), pp.518-528. Prager, J.B., Rosenberg, J.C. and Farber, S.H., Music Choice, 2013.Systems and methods for providing customized media channels. U.S. Patent 8,612,539. Wagner III, J.A. and Hollenbeck, J.R., 2014.Organizational behavior: Securing competitive advantage. Routledge. Wedel, M. and Kamakura, W.A., 2012.Market segmentation: Conceptual and methodological foundations(Vol. 8). Springer Science Business Media.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Understanding The Silent Killer Essays - Angiology, Blood Pressure

Understanding The Silent Killer Uncontrolled high blood pressure, hypertension, is one of the leading causes of disability or death due to stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney failure. High blood pressure has been described as the silent killer because it often occurs without symptoms. Headaches, blurred vision, nosebleeds, or dizziness may occur, but these symptoms are not specific to high blood pressure. Everybody has, and needs blood pressure. Without it, blood cannot circulate through the body. And without circulating blood, vital organs cannot get the oxygen and food that they need to work. So it's important to know the role of blood pressure, and the organs and systems that help regulate it. The explanation of blood pressure begins with the cardiovascular system, the system responsible for circulating blood through the heart and blood vessels. When the heart beats, a surge of blood is released from the left ventricle, which is the heart's main pumping chamber, into an intricate web of blood vessels that spread throughout the body. The arteries are the blood vessels that carry nutrients and oxygenated blood from the heart to the body's tissues and organs. The largest artery, aorta, is connected to the left ventricle and serves as the main channel for blood leaving the heart. The aorta branches off into smaller arteries, which turn into even smaller arteries, called arterioles. (1) Within the body's tissues and organs are microscopic blood vessels called capillaries. The capillaries exchange nutrients and fresh oxygen from the arterioles for carbon dioxide and other waste products produced by our cells. This used blood is sent back to the heart through a system of blood vessels called veins. When it reaches the heart, blood from the veins is routed to the lungs, where it releases carbon dioxide and picks up a new supply of oxygen. This freshly oxygenated blood is sent back to the heart, ready to begin a new journey. Other waste products are removed as blood passes through the kidneys. (1) To keep this process working and all of the 11 pints of blood in our body moving, a certain amount of pressure is required. Blood pressure is the force that's exerted on the artery walls as blood passes through. This force helps keep blood in the arteries flowing smoothly. Several factors help control blood pressure and keep it from increasing too high or decreasing too low. They include three major organs; heart, arteries, and kidneys. When the heart releases blood into the aorta, a certain amount of force is created by the pumping action of the heart muscle. The harder the heart muscle has to work to release blood, the greater the force exerted on the arteries. To assist the surge of blood coming from the heart, the arteries are lined with smooth muscles that allow them to expand and contract as blood flows through. The more elastic the arteries are, the less resistant they are to the flow of blood and the less force exerted on their walls. When arteries lose their elasticity or become narrowed, resistance to blood flow increases and additional force is needed to push blood through the vessels. (1) The kidneys regulate the volume of water circulating in the body and the amount of sodium the body contains. More sodium in the body means that more water is retained in the circulation and may cause an increase in blood pressure. More sodium in the body also may increase the tendency for blood vessels to narrow. The central nervous system, hormones, and enzymes are other factors that also influence blood pressure. Within the walls of the heart and several blood vessels, are tiny structures called baroreceptors. The baroreceptors' job is to monitor the pressure of blood through the arteries and veins. If a change is noticed, the baroreceptors send signals to the brain; to slow down or speed up the heart rate, or to widen or narrow the arteries to keep the blood pressure within a normal range. (1) The brain reacts on the messages from the baroreceptors, by signaling the release of hormones and enzymes that affect the functioning of the heart, blood vessels, and kidneys. Epinephrine, adrenaline, is one of the most significant hormones to affect blood pressure. Epinephrine is released

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Combating Poverty Essays

Combating Poverty Essays Combating Poverty Essay Combating Poverty Essay This the portion that our 40th president was confused.This existent non films President Reagan. President Reagan try to work out our poorness by coming up with this program called the Reaganomics this was suppose to repair our economic inequality, racial inequality, wellness inequality Aboriginal issues peace and justness. Well he blew that theory when he tells the narrative about Cadillac ensconced Chicago public assistance queen who had 80 names 30 frocks 12 societal security cards.Reagonomics and the hapless. Biotechnologies policies called for broad dispersed revenue enhancement cuts, diminish societal disbursement, to increase of the military disbursement and the deregulating of domestic market.1981 the increasing feminisation of poorness cuts income support and other societal plans, disaproportionately affected women.1983 that s when I drop out of college the biotechnologies affected the college support.He cut support to increase military disbursement. I was non able to happen a occupation for months all summer plans was cut. Liberals point of position three things he tried to do ketchup a veggie, he flooded the state with ruddy ink he was average spirit to the hapless for eight old ages. Oppression the cardinal unfairness modern liberalism. Plato and Aristotle believed in natural hierarchy of intervention, as captivity and denial of citizenship, equity or equal rights subjugation did non become of import subject in political doctrine until the coming of liberalism and the thought than worlds are approximately morally equal. It is a clearly modern impression that people are in some sense or other equal to each other The equality thesis has been given assorted theological. Philosophic and morale readings and justification by different minds. Possibly the most amazing of all. Grace said she answer to her power to assist let go of laden hapless of enduring from poorness homeless childs and adult females from all racial groups. The battle against national subjugation and for full equality in the United States is portion and of the worldwide radical battle against imperialism. The of laden nationalities for echt equality in the United States is non a battle of â€Å"minorities, † instead, it is portion of the radical battle of the bulk of the universe s people in the 3rd universe to emancipate themselves from imperialism Theo s. national memorials designation with state release in the 3rd universe can be seen in the solidarity of Asiatic Americans with the Vietnamese during the Vietnam War, the African Liberation Solidarity and anti-apartheid motions among African Americans, support for Cuba and other release motions in Latin America, particularly Mexico, among Latinos and of class support the Palestinians and other Arabs in the United States. Merely as the radical nature of the battles of laden states and people around the universe do non depend on propertyless leading of those battles, neither does the objectively radical nature of the national motions in the United States require of these motions either working category leading or a socialist ori entation. Since monopoly capitalist economy is built on both national subjugation and the development of the working category, triumphs in the battle against national subjugation are blows against the imperialist system. Imperialism is used here to include both monopoly capitalist economy and besides the imperialist system. Imperialism is used to include both monopoly capitalist economy and besides the imperialist and colonialist policies of Europe and United States during their pr-monopoly times. Merely socialism can emancipate the multitudes of laden nationalities in the United States. Merely the working category can give radical leading to the national motions. History of the United States is one of uninterrupted aggression and subjugation of laden nationalities in the United States. The Reconstruction ( 1865-1877 ) , which brought some additions for African Americans, was a clip of continued conquering of Native Americans, the intensification of the anti-Chinese motion and the ictus of Mexican land. Constructing a strategic confederation of the national motions and the working category to subvert imperialism and set up socialism. A Law Against Poverty Quebec New Approach To Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion. On December 13, 2002, the State assembly in Quebec nem con adopted a jurisprudence to â€Å"combat poorness and societal exclusion Bill is a model jurisprudence that includes a National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion, a fund to back up societal enterprises, an â€Å"Observatory, † and an Advisory Committee on the Prevention of Poverty and Social Exclusion. This new jurisprudence is alone in North America, and it constitutes a important political invention, if merely because it makes poorness decrease an explicit and cardinal policy precedence. The measure is besides the consequence of a singular procedure of corporate action and public deliberation. This background was written while the anti-poverty jurisprudence was still before the National Assembly. It is hence excessively early for thorough rating of the undertaking. Quebec s societal policy docket farther from that of its neighbours and closer to the preoccupations of European states. A jurisprudence drafted. When the Party Quebecois came to power in September 1994, its societal and economic aims reflected the party s traditional social-Democrat orientations. Job creative activity was the chief aim to be accomplished intercession in a coaction of societal spouses, that is via 8th oftripartism affecting concerns trade brotherhood and the province. Toward its bosom the new Broad authorities in Ottawa was emphasized more traditional of disbursement in break encouraging state and municipalities to take part to take part alongside it. Almost instantly Quebec community groups and societal histrions sought to broaden docket. The most accurate industry to do this point was bred-year-old Mark from Montreal and Quebec organized and June 1995 by the Quebec adult females s Federation the March responded to the infracturethem with its ain accent substructure, and it does importance of complementing occupation creative activity was implicit attempt to cut down poorness at adult females in peculiar. The call for better societal substructure in intellectually greater acknowledgment that societal economic include assorted steps commiting this outgrowth of . Attempts on poorness brought to full patient that was the wellness and vicinities and communities they had small topographic point on the public policy and more significantly it to happen a nucleus issue around which brought porous the bubble prevarications. It hence by the community sector with the possibility of developers home societal accomplishments, non incompatible with, but distinct from that of the brotherhoods sniffed as of this new revelations and it s divergency from eight tripartite theoretical account, you can obvious in 1996. Quebec s authorities coming to come is on economic system and run it designed to construct nsensus for larning the shortage for the first clip community is besides groups were invited as full spouses. They adapted a matter-of-fact moderate stance. They argued that any call for a coney and the state of the shortage must be balanced by public commission non to decline the state of affairs of the poorest fifth of the population governor responded the bound committedness promise in three old ages of support to battle poorness financed by a particular revenue enhancement on concerns that I come our poorness any definite. On the docket moreover it ) in believable correlativity in favour of new policies had coalesced in addition acknowledgment by authorities alliance now has 22 groups or federations as members including all the major brotherhood federations stewed associations and groups working on house and allow her see human rights international development. Regional collectives have besides been created all of that and compromising more than 5000 groups from all sectors including many mixable authoritiess to roll up the work on two foreparts. First they circulate a request in favour of a jurisprudence on a restriction of five by the terminal of 2008 choice 21,307 signatures. Second and more significantly it launched ambitious procedure of roll uping corporate action public deliberation it from preliminary, it launched ambitious procedure up to action public deliberation. A audacity version of a path that was circulated in 1990 and 1999 generated over 20,000 remarks in 5000 Jackson s. They were used to cut down 2nd version was so began to concentrate on more than 200 popular literary session. Easily lead to a 3rd and concluding bill of exchange measure, which was ratified by assembly of more than 2000 individuals on May 13, 2008 province collected work with attorneies, so that this measure would be written precisely as any bill of exchange statute law presented in the national assembly. So possibly one twenty-four hours a new president will seek to modify the same jurisprudence that Quebec is traveling to battle party. Gary Cooper